What does the global research say about the sexual exploitation of boys? Read The Global Literature Review

Members

Led by the International Children’s Center Association, the Network works to fight against the sale of children, child prostitution, child pornography, and to provide for the elimination of all kinds of commercial sexual exploitation. Included in the Network is the individual volunteer youth Youth Network working in groups formed and executed by themselves. Currently groups are active in Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir and Kocaeli.

Network against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in Turkey

Contact: Ezgi Yaman

Address: ezgi.yaman@kocaeli.edu.tr

Website: http://ctcs-genclik.net/en/

Facts

Child protection initiatives in Turkey have increased rapidly (since 2005) due to Turkish efforts to join the European Union. On 20 December 2013, Turkey signed Protocol 16 to the European Convention on Human Rights, which aims to increase interaction between the European Court of Human Rights and local courts.

The Government of Turkey has increased its campaign focused on the prevention of honour killings. Social pressure in some areas of Turkish society may lead to child brides staying silent about abuse due to fear of honour killings.

The Syrian refugee crisis has reportedly had a large impact on the child marriage rate in Turkey.

Resources

ECPAT International
Turkey – Country Overview

Year: 2020

ECPAT International
Türkiye – Ülke Degerlendirmesi

Year: 2020

ECPAT International
Turkey – Briefing Paper

Year: 2020

ECPAT International
Türkiye – Bilgilendirme Raporu

Year: 2020

International Children’s Centre
Global Study on Sexual Exploitation of Children in Travel and Tourism: Turkey

Year: 2015

Stories

News from Turkey

Indicators

Age of Consent

Partial

The age of majority is 18, which is understood as the age of sexual consent as well. However, the Penal Code defines “sexual molestation” of children as any sexual behaviour towards a child under the age of 15 and any sexual behaviour towards a child above 15 through threat, coercion, force or any other factor affecting their decision-making capacity. The national legislation does not provide for a close-in-age exemption.

ECO Turkey, 2020

Extraterritoriality & Extradition

Partial

Active extraterritoriality is provided offences punishable by at least one year of imprisonment as long as the offender is in Turkish territory. For crimes punished with less than a year of imprisonment a complain must have been filed by the victim of a foreign government within 6 months for active extraterritoriality to apply. Passive extraterritoriality is contemplated as well but requires a complaint to be lodged by the victim first. Universal jurisdiction is provided for child trafficking and exploitation of children in prostitution but not for all SEC-related offences.

Extradition requires double criminality and Turkish nationals cannot be extradited. There is no specific provision on extradition for SEC-related offences.

ECO Turkey, 2020

CSAM Definition

No

The national legislation does not provide a specific definition of CSAM.

ECO Turkey, Jul-20

Background Check Required

Not Yet Assessed

National Commitments

Partial

Turkey has ratified the CRC, the OPSC, the Trafficking Protocol and the ILO Convention No. 182.

Turkey has also ratified the Council of Europe’s Lanzarote and Budapest Conventions.

Turkey has not ratified the OPIC and the UNTWO Framework Convention on Tourism Ethics.

ECO Turkey, 2020

Child Advocacy Centers

Not Yet Assessed

SEC Police Unit

Not Yet Assessed

Protection Standards Travel and Tourism

Not Yet Assessed

Public SEC Case Data

No

There is publicly available case data for some SEC-related offences, namely trafficking offences, sexual abuse of children and sexual intercourse with a minor and some statistics on child, early and forced marriage. However, no information was found on whether this data is clearly disaggregated, made available periodically and whether it contains data on offenders and on compensation sought by child victims.

ECO Turkey, 2020

Stay Connected. Sign Up to Receive Updates About Our Impact on Child Sexual Exploitation