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Members

Jiyan Foundation for Human Rights

The Jiyan Foundation for Human Rights is a non-profit organization promoting the mental well-being, physical rehabilitation, and social reintegration of survivors of (sexual) violence, torture and trauma in Kurdistran-Iraq. Clients receive free-of-charge psychotherapeutic treatment, medical care, and socio-legal counselling. In addition, the Jiyan Foundation seeks to protect survivors of human rights violations and prevent future acts of abuse through professional training, human rights education, public awareness-raising and political advocacy. Our program for children and adolescents reflects all of these services and activities, including age-specific support for minor patients, family interventions, and training for professionals working with children and adolescents.

Iraqi Al-Amal (IAA)

Iraqi Al-Amal Association (IAA) is a non-political, non-secretarian and non-profit organisation of volunteers actively engaged in projects for the benefit and wellbeing of the Iraqi population. Al-Amal was established in 1992 in the midst of the horrific conditions prevailing after the Second Gulf War with the aim of providing aid to relieve the suffering of the Iraqi people. Al-Amal started its work in Iraqi Kurdistan where many programmes and projects were implemented.

In May 2003, the head office of Al-Amal was opened in Baghdad. Its activities and services are now provided throughout Iraq ranging from health services to training and from capacity building to advocacy. The aim is for the rehabilitation of the people and for influencing the social consciousness towards a creation of a democratic state.

Its programmes aim to combat all forms of violence and discrimination, the promotion of the culture of Human Rights, Gender Equality, tolerance and social peace, the carrying-out of income-generating projects as well as providing psychosocial assistance and training courses to vulnerable sectors, so that they can participate efficiently in public life. Al-Amal also works on law reform.

Resources

ECPAT International
Iraq – Country Overview

Year: 2019

Download
ECPAT International
Regional Overview: Sexual Exploitation of Children in Middle East and North Africa

Year: 2020

Stories

Indicators

Age of Consent

Partial

Age of sexual consent is 18 but this only applies to sexual intercourse outside marriage.
Marriage minimum age is 18 with few exceptions for children aged above 15.

ECO Iraq, 2019

Extraterritoriality & Extradition

No

Active extraterritoriality is provided for SEC related offences and requires double criminality. Passive extraterritoriality is not provided for.

Extradition requires double criminality and a minimum gravity of two years of imprisonment in the requesting state. Extradition of a person already sentenced by the requesting state requires a sentence of at least 6 months of imprisonment. The criminal code does not allow for extradition of Iraqi nationals.

ECO Iraq, 2019

CSAM Definition

No

The national legislation does not provide a definition of CSAM which is in line with international standards.

ECO Iraq, 2019

Background Check Required

Not Yet Assessed

National Commitments

Partial

Iraq has ratified the CRC, the OPSC, the Trafficking Protocol and the ILO Convention No. 182.

Iraq has not ratified the OPIC, the UNWTO Framework Convention on Tourism Ethics nor the Council of Europe’s Lanzarote and Budapest Conventions.

ECO Iraq, 2019

Child Advocacy Centers

Not Yet Assessed

SEC Police Unit

Not Yet Assessed

Protection Standards Travel and Tourism

Not Yet Assessed

Public SEC Case Data

No

Data on SEC cases is not publicly available.

ECO Iraq, 2019

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