What does the global research say about the sexual exploitation of boys? Read The Global Literature Review



Established in 1985, EQUATIONS is an advocacy organisation working to on tourism issues in India. Over the past two decades, its research, information analysis and dissemination, campaigns, advocacy and lobbying work has focused on the impact of unregulated and irresponsible tourism development in India and the developing world.


SANLAAP’s campaign against trafficking includes the rescue and rehabilitation of victims of CSEC and prevention measures. SANLAAP works on a range of counter-trafficking activities, including campaigns, advocacy and sensitisation of various stakeholders on the issue of trafficking. It also focuses on the rescue, rehabilitation and socio-economic reintegration of trafficked persons.

STOP India

Ramola Bhar Charitable Trust (RBC Trust) was instituted in the year 1990 by a group of academicians, professionals and grass root level activists to create a habitable society and ensure justice and equality for women and children.

Child in Need Institute (CINI)

Child in Need Institute (CINI) is guided by its mission of sustainable development in health, nutrition, education and protection for children, adolescents and women in need. The institute now reaches over 7 million people, directly or through partnerships, in both rural and urban areas in the Indian states of West Bengal, Jharkhand Odisha and Assam. CINI has a presence in other Indian states, including Uttar Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland Tripura and Arunachal Pradesh where it acts as a technical support agency. The CINI Method demonstrates and promotes the adoption, especially by the government, of a child rights-based approach to development programming for children involving primary duty-bearers in providing integrated, preventive and participatory responses in the core areas of health, nutrition education and child protection.


Child marriage is widespread in the country but its rates are reportedly declining by 2% per year. The State Government of Goa legislated the first act which defines major SEC manifestations, especially tourism-related abuse. India has specific legislation to combat child sexual abuse material and is one of the few countries where ‘child pornography’ has been defined.


Down to Zero Alliance
Effective Ways to Engage the Private Sector

Year: 2019

Down To Zero Alliance
Background Paper: Effective Ways of Working with the Private Sector

Year: 2019

ECPAT International
India – Country Monitoring Report

Year: 2011

ECPAT International
ಮಾರ್ಗಸೂಚಿಗಳು ಮಕ್ಕಳ ಮೇಲಿನ ಲೈಂಗಿಕ ಶೋಷಣೆ ಕುರಿತು ನೈತಿಕ ಸಂಶೋಧನೆಗಾಗಿ

Year: 2019

ECPAT International
सहायक नि र्देश – नाबालिग बच्च ोंके लगैं क उत्पीड़न पर नैतिक अनुसंधान हेतु

Year: 2019

Global Study on Sexual Exploitation of Children in Travel and Tourism: India (Goa and West Bengal)

Year: 2015


Age of Consent

Not Yet Assessed

Extraterritoriality & Extradition


Active extraterritoriality is provided for all offences in general as well as for crimes involving a computer system or network located in India. Double criminality principle is required.

It is unclear whether extradition applies to SEC offences. Double criminality principle is applicable in all cases.

SECTT Legal Checklist India, 2020

CSAM Definition

Not Yet Assessed

Background Check Required


There is a mandatory legal requirement for institutions housing children or whose staff is in regular contact with children, to do periodic background checks on every staff, teaching or non-teaching, regular or contractual or any other person being an employee of such institution coming in contact with the child. However, there is no law or legal provision that prohibits convicted sexual offenders from holding positions involving or facilitating contact with children.

SECTT Legal Checklist India, 2020

National Commitments


India has ratified the CRC, the OPSC, the Trafficking Protocol and the ILO Convention No. 182.

India has not ratified the OPIC, the UNWTO Framework Convention on Tourism Ethics nor the Council of Europe’s Lanzarote and Budapest Conventions.

SECTT Legal Checklist India, 2020

Child Advocacy Centers

Not Yet Assessed

SEC Police Unit

Not Yet Assessed

Protection Standards Travel and Tourism


India has implemented a national code for child protection in travel and tourism as a non-binding requirement for industry operators.

SECTT Legal Checklist India, Aug-20

Public SEC Case Data

Not Yet Assessed

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