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Nicaragua

Members

ECPAT in Nicaragua (TESIS)

THESIS focuses its actions in areas known for commercial sex activities, working to prevent HIV and facilitating access to treatment for sexually transmitted infections. It also promotes the necessity for appropriate medical services for those affected by these diseases. THESIS continues to place the issue of commercial sexual exploitation of children and adolescents on the agenda of key stakeholders in the public and private spheres, in Managua and in nine municipalities of the country.

ECPAT in Nicaragua (Casa Alianza)

Casa Alianza is a non-profit organisation dedicated to defending the rights and rehabilitation of street children in Central America. It is the Latin American branch of the New York-based Covenant House. Activities carried out by the group include advocacy work on the reform of the Penal Code on crimes related to the commercial sexual exploitation of children, including forums and workshops with authorities and agents of the judicial system and civil society. Casa Alianza is also active in awareness-raising and sensitisation campaigns and workshops carried out in schools for teenagers, teachers, parents, migration authorities and the Ministry of Family on trafficking and repatriation of victims. It also carries out capacity-building activities on technical issues related to international instruments on the sexual exploitation of children.

Facts

In Nicaragua, there are a high number of children engaged in the worst forms of child labor, including in sexual exploitation sometimes resulting from human trafficking.

According to UNICEF, one third of Nicaragua’s population is below 18 years old. Forty-one percent of the child population is married before the age of 18.

Resources

Down to Zero Alliance
Effective Ways to Engage the Private Sector

Year: 2019

Down To Zero Alliance
Background Paper: Effective Ways of Working with the Private Sector

Year: 2019

ECPAT International
The Americas – Overview of Child Protection Standards for Travel and Tourism

Year: 2020

ECPAT International
Nicaragua – Country Monitoring Report

Year: 2014

Indicators

Age of Consent

Not Yet Assessed

Extraterritoriality & Extradition

Partial

Universal jurisdiction is provided for SEC related offences. It is unclear whether it includes OCSE related offences. Double criminality is NOT required.

Extradition requires a minimum gravity of one year of imprisonment (therefore applying to all SEC-related offences) as well as the double criminality principle. Nicaraguan nationals cannot be extradited.

SECTT Legal Checklist Nicaragua, 2020

CSAM Definition

Not Yet Assessed

Background Check Required

No

There are no mandatory legal provisions for criminal background checks nor legislation prohibiting convicted sex offenders to hold positions involving or facilitating contact with children.

SECTT Legal Checklist Nicaragua, 2020

National Commitments

Partial

Nicaragua has ratified the CRC, the OPSC, the Trafficking Protocol and the ILO Convention No. 182.

Nicaragua has not ratified the OPIC, the UNWTO Framework Convention on Tourism Ethics nor the Council of Europe’s Lanzarote and Budapest Conventions.

SECTT Legal Checklist Nicaragua, 2020

Child Advocacy Centers

Not Yet Assessed

SEC Police Unit

Not Yet Assessed

Protection Standards Travel and Tourism

Yes

Nicaragua has implemented a national code for child protection in travel and tourism as a binding requirement for industry operators.

SECTT Legal Checklist Nicaragua, 2020

Public SEC Case Data

Not Yet Assessed

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