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Bolivia, Plurinational State of

Members

Consorcio ECPAT Bolivia

Consorcio ECPAT Bolivia is formed by Pastoral de Movilidad Humana (PHM) and Munaksim Kullakita (MK), two of the leading non-governmental organisations in Bolivia working against commercial sexual exploitation of children. Besides their programmes on CSEC, they are broadly recognised in the country for being co-chairs of Mesa El Alto contra la Violencia Sexual Comercial, a coalition of governmental and non-governmental organisations that lobbied for the legal reforms in 2011 on CSEC and trafficking in persons, and has remained since then to coordinate actions nationwide on the issue. Their main areas of intervention on the topic are:

Munaksim Kullakita

  • Assistance to CSEC Victims: identification, shelter and inter-disciplinary support in recovery and reintegration. Their programme includes assistance and follow-up once children have finished their process.
  • Prevention: Mainly in schools, intervention with teachers and caretakers.
  • Counselling in communities: Direct intervention in communities, offering counselling services to youth and families.
  • Advocacy and network strengthening: MK is a well-recognised NGO, and has access to governmental entities (both national and in the provinces) to advocate successfully for reforms and actions on CSEC. This work includes providing technical support to other NGOs to ensure a broader impact of their advocacy actions.

Pastoral de Movilidad Humana

  • Assistance vulnerable communities, mainly within contexts of migration. The organisation includes a specific programme on CSEC and trafficking for sexual purposes. Provides shelter and inter-disciplinary assistance.
  • Repatriation and international support to victims.
  • Advocacy: currently, PMH represents the Civil Society of Bolivia before the ‘Pluri-National Council on Trafficking in Persons”, a public scenario for policy coordination on the issue.**Miembro Afiliado, Se unió a la Red ECPAT en el año 2016**

Facts

Trafficking for sexual purposes of women and girls occurs within the country’s borders and neighbouring countries including Argentina, Brazil, Panama, Peru and Chile. Vulnerable groups include rural and poor Bolivians, indigenous people and LGBTI youth.

The Bolivian tradition of ‘criadas’ and ‘ahijadas’ features orphaned or extremely poor girls receiving tutelage from upper-class families in return for working as domestic servants. While the girls’ families hope that the employers, ‘patrones’ , will supply the child with education, for many girls it is a reality of child labour and sexual exploitation.

In 2013, the Pan-American Health Organisation ranked Bolivia as the South American country with the highest levels of violence against women. Statistics from the Bolivian ombudsman estimate that 34% of underage Bolivian girls have been exposed to some form of sexual abuse.

Resources

Down to Zero Alliance
Effective Ways to Engage the Private Sector

Year: 2019

Down To Zero Alliance
Background Paper: Effective Ways of Working with the Private Sector

Year: 2019

ECPAT International
The Americas – Overview of Child Protection Standards for Travel and Tourism

Year: 2020

UNICEF
Explotación sexual comercial de niñas, niños y adolescentes y sus rutas en zonas mineras y extractivas en territorios de los departamentos de La Paz, Oruro y Potosí

Year: 2018

Download
ECPAT International
Bolivia – Country Monitoring Report

Year: 2006

Download
Situation Analysis: the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in Bolivia

Year: 2015

Stories

News from Bolivia, Plurinational State of

Indicators

Age of Consent

Not Yet Assessed

Extraterritoriality & Extradition

Partial

Extraterritoriality is provided for crimes committed abroad that produce their effects in Bolivia, crimes that Bolivia is committed to repress as per its international commitments as well as crimes committed by Bolivian nationals abroad (active extraterritoriality) as long as the offenders are back in Bolivian territory. Double criminality principle is not required.

There is no detailed information on extradition for SEC related crimes, which will depend on the international treaties and agreements ratified by Bolivia. Double criminality is required.

SECTT Legal Checklist Bolivia, 2020

CSAM Definition

Not Yet Assessed

Background Check Required

No

There are no mandatory legal provisions for criminal background checks nor legislation prohibiting convicted sex offenders to hold positions involving or facilitating contact with children.

SECTT Legal Checklist Bolivia, 2020

National Commitments

Partial

Bolivia has ratified the CRC, the OPSC, the OPIC, the Trafficking Protocol and the ILO Convention No. 182.

Bolivia has not ratified the UNWTO Framework Convention on Tourism Ethics nor the Council of Europe’s Lanzarote and Budapest Conventions.

SECTT Legal Checklist Bolivia, 2020

Child Advocacy Centers

Not Yet Assessed

SEC Police Unit

Not Yet Assessed

Protection Standards Travel and Tourism

No

There are no child protection standards for the travel and tourism industry in place.

SECTT Legal Checklist Bolivia, 2020

Public SEC Case Data

Not Yet Assessed

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