Content which is illegal should not be on the Internet in the first place.
When any Internet user comes across something that they think may be harmful to children, whether illegal or not, they should take action to protect children. The best way to do this is to report it to the company providing the service where they found it, and/or to specialised organisations, whether law enforcement, hotlines, child helplines or other child protection services that are trained to determine whether something is illegal and what to do if it is, such as our partner INHOPE.
If illegal content is found, it should be deleted from the digital environment from which it is being stored and accessed, so as to minimise the risk of onward distribution or downloading. If the illegal content has been posted on to a third party platform, they too should delete it and take whatever other steps are necessary to limit any further distribution.
However, there is a great deal of other material on the Internet which, though not illegal for adults to access or consume, is nevertheless extremely harmful to children. Extremely violent images for example, information about suicide, self-harm and eating disorders or propaganda which distorts history or current affairs, typically in support of a political project or which incites violence or hatred against other people, are other examples. Pornography is a class of material which, in many countries while lawful, is not meant to be accessible to children because of the harmful impact it can have on their view of sex, relationships and in particular gender relations.
A great many countries are looking for ways to ensure children cannot access harmful content while preserving the rights of adults to do so. This is complex and the response is likely to continue to vary between countries. However, as an internet user, you can play an important role by reporting content that you think is illegal or harmful to children, specifically by reporting users who post/send illegal content.
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