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Resources

ECPAT International
Panama – Country Overview

Year: 2019

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Indicators

Age of Consent

No

The age of sexual consent at 14 years. The national legislation also criminalises those who use an advantageous situation to achieve sexual intercourse with a child between 14 and 18, even if the child consents. Penalties related to this latter provision do not apply when the age difference does not exceed 5 years and the two people are in a stable relationship.

ECO Panama, 2019

Extraterritoriality & Extradition

Partial

Passive and active extraterritoriality is provided for SEC crimes when the effects of the crime are to be produced in Panamanian territory. It is unclear whether double criminality is required for extraterritoriality.

No information was found on specific provisions on extradition for SEC related offences. Extradition requires double criminality in all instances and government can refuse to extradite Panamanian nationals.

ECO Panama, 2019

CSAM Definition

No

The national legislation does not provide a specific definition of CSAM.

ECO Panama, 2019

Background Check Required

Not Yet Assessed

National Commitments

Partial

Panama has ratified the CRC, the OPSC, the OPIC, the Trafficking Protocol, the ILO Convention No. 182.

Panama has also ratified the Council of Europe’s Budapest Convention.

Panama has not ratified the UNWTO Framework Convention on Tourism Ethics nor the Council of Europe’s Lanzarote Convention.

ECO Panama, 2019

Child Advocacy Centers

Yes

An initiative similar to a Child Advocacy Centre, the Victim and Witness Protection Unit (UPAVIT) has been established in Panama. As of 2019 there are 11 units in total (one in each province) staffed with psychologists and social workers who assist child victims since their arrival, go with them to the hearings, provide psychological attention and make sure that the right protection measures are taken.

ECO Panama, 2019

SEC Police Unit

Partial

The main police unit that includes SEC in its mandate is the Division on Sexual Crimes within the Judicial Investigation Directorate of the National Police. Furthermore, the Children and Adolescents National Police Unit provides assistance with cases involving children.
It is unclear whether both offences under national and extra-territorial jurisdiction are able to be addressed by these units, and whether they are fully functional.

ECO Panama, 2019

Protection Standards Travel and Tourism

Not Yet Assessed

Public SEC Case Data

Partial

National public case data is available for some SEC-related offences such as sexual exploitation of children in prostitution, offences related to child sexual abuse material and sexual exploitation in travel and tourims. Data is made publicly available on a periodic basis but it is not disaggregated by age, gender, nationality, etc. No information was found on whether the reports contain information on offenders and on compensation sought by child victims.

ECO Panama, 2019

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