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Members

CWIN-NEPAL

Established in 1987, Child Workers in Nepal Concerned Centre (CWIN) is an organisation that advocates for the rights of children and focuses on children living and working in difficult circumstances. The main issues focused on by CWIN’s are child labour, street children, child marriage, bonded labour, trafficking of children, children in conflict with the law and the commercial sexual exploitation of children.

Maiti Nepal

Maiti Nepal is committed to preventing the trafficking and sexual exploitation of women and children. It is actively engaged in protecting, rescuing and rehabilitating trafficked and sexually exploited survivors through action-oriented activities at different levels.

Shakti Samuha

Shakti Samuha is the first organisation in Nepal established and run by survivors of trafficking. Since 1996 it has been organising and empowering returning trafficking survivors by providing shelter, legal aid, vocational training and counselling. The vision of Shakti Samuha is that trafficking survivors will be empowered to lead a dignified life in society. Its mission is trafficking survivors and women and children at risk of trafficking will be organised, empowered and aware, which will enable them to contribute to campaigns against human trafficking, protecting women and girls living in vulnerable conditions.

ChildSafeNet

ChildSafeNet is a Nepal-based non-governmental organisation dedicated to making the internet safer for children and young people. Created in 2018, ChildSafeNet works to raise awareness on cyber safety and to online child sexual abuse and exploitation, cyberbullying, phishing and gaming addiction. The organisation focuses its work on developing toolkits and guides to duty-bearers and services providers, conducting researches on issues affecting online safety, raising awareness on cybersecurity through both online and offline environments, and providing capacity buildings to relevant actors in Nepal.

Facts

Working children in Nepal are subjected to sexual abuse and exploitation. Trafficking for sexual purposes is also a serious issue in the country, especially into India.

Resources

Nepal – The Freedom Fund – Minors in Kathmandu’s Entertainment Sector

Year: 2018

Download
ECPAT International
Nepal – Country Overview

Year: 2020

Download
ECPAT International
Nepal – Briefing Paper

Year: 2020

ECPAT International
नेपाल – संक्षिप्त पत्र

Year: 2020

ECPAT International
Regional Overview: Sexual Exploitation of Children in South Asia

Year: 2018

Download
ECPAT International
Access to Justice and Remedies Research: Supporting the Recovery and Reintegration of Children Affected by Sexual Exploitation

Year: 2017

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Stories

Indicators

Age of Consent

Partial

Age of sexual consent is set at 18 years. The national legislation does not provide for a close-in-age exemption.

ECO Nepal, 2020

Extraterritoriality & Extradition

Partial

Universal jurisdiction is provided for some SEC related offences such as rape against girls and CEFM. Passive extraterritoriality is provided for trafficking crimes. For the rest of the crimes it is required that both victim and offender are Nepalese to exercise extraterritoriality.

Extradition applies only to those crimes included in extradition treaties concluded between Nepal and foreign states and conventions to which Nepal is a party. It is unclear which SEC related offences are extraditable and whether double criminality is required.

SECTT Legal Checklist Nepal, 2020

CSAM Definition

No

The national legislation does not provide a definition of CSAM which is in line with international standards. The definition provided does not include non-visual material, nor material depicting a person appearing to be a minor and computer/digitally generated CSAM including realistic images of non-existing children.

ECO Nepal, 2020

Background Check Required

No

There are no mandatory legal provisions for criminal background checks. Convicted sex offenders are prohibited from holding positions in both public and private settings involving or facilitating contact with children.

SECTT Legal Checklist Nepal, 2020

National Commitments

Partial

Nepal has ratified the CRC, the OPSC, the Trafficking Protocol and the ILO Convention No. 182.

Nepal has not ratified the OPIC, the UNWTO Framework Convention on Tourism Ethics nor the Council of Europe’s Lanzarote and Budapest Conventions.

SECTT Legal Checklist Nepal, 2020

Child Advocacy Centers

Not Yet Assessed

SEC Police Unit

Partial

There are several police units including SEC in their mandates, mainly the Anti-Trafficking-in- Persons Bureau and the Cybercrime
Control Bureau. It is unclear whether both offences under national and extra-territorial jurisdiction are able to be addressed by these units, or whether they are fully functional.

ECO Nepal, 2020

Protection Standards Travel and Tourism

No

There are no child protection standards for the travel and tourism industry in place.

SECTT Legal Checklist Nepal, Aug-20

Public SEC Case Data

No

Data is only available for trafficking cases. No information was found on whether this data is clearly disaggregated, made available periodically and whether it contains data on offenders and on compensation sought by victims.

ECO Nepal, 2020

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