What does the global research say about the sexual exploitation of boys? Read The Global Literature Review

Members

Kenya Alliance for Advancement of Children (KAACR) is a national umbrella body for non-governmental organisations’ cooperation and exchange of information on children’s rights in Kenya. They have a membership of over 189 child-focused agencies in Kenya.

KAACR, which was founded on the basis of the UNCRC, is a registered national umbrella NGO under the National Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO) Coordination Act of 1990 in 1995. KAACR is an NGO with Special Consultative Status with the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations and Equivalency Determination Certification. KAACR envisions a society that protects all the rights of children and youth to survive, develop and participate in all matters concerning them. KAACR’s mission is to advocate for and promote the realization of rights and responsibilities of children and youth in Kenya.

Kenya Alliance for Advancement of Children (KAACR)

Contact: Mr. Timothy Ekesa
Phone: +254 020 4450256/7, +254 722 780 224
Address: P O Box 73637 00200, Nairobi, Kenya
Email: kaacr@kaacr.com; info@kaacr.com
Website: https://www.kaacr.com/

Resources

ECPAT International
Kenya – Country Monitoring Report

Year: 2007

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Understanding Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Research in Different Regions: African Children’s use of ICTs

Year: 2013

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ANPPCAN
Global Study on Sexual Exploitation of Children in Travel and Tourism: Kenya

Year: 2015

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Don’t Look Away! Assessment on Sexual Exploitation of Children related to Tourism and Reporting Mechanisms—Sub-Saharan Africa

Year: 2013

Indicators

Age of Consent

Partial

Age of sexual consent is 18 years. The national legislation does not provide for a close-in-age exception.

DH Legal Analysis Kenya, 2020

Extraterritoriality & Extradition

No

Active and passive extraterritoriality is provided for SEC-related offences when the offence is committed by a Kenyan national or resident against a Kenyan national. This excludes offences committed outside Kenya by a non-resident or non-citizen against a Kenyan citizen or resident, unless the offender is present in Kenya after the commission of the offence. Double criminality is required in cases of extraterritoriality.

Extradition requires a minimum gravity of one year of imprisonment and double criminality.

DH Legal Analysis Kenya and SECTT Legal Checklist Kenya, 2020

CSAM Definition

No

The national legislation does not provide a definition of CSAM which is in line with international standards. The definition provided does not include depictions of the sexual parts of a child’s body for primarily sexual purposes. Positively, the definition includes material depicting a person appearing to be a child as well as computer/digitally generated CSAM. Although the definition refers to audio as well as image material it could exclude other forms of CSAM such as writings.

DH Legal Analysis Kenya, 2020

Background Check Required

Partial

There are no mandatory legal provisions for criminal background checks. However failing to disclose a sexual offence conviction when applying for employment involving contact with children amounts to an offence punished with at least three years of imprisonment, a fine of not less than fifty thousand shillings or to both. Court might also declare convicted sex offenders unable to seek employment of a specified nature.

SECTT Legal Checklist Kenya, 2020

National Commitments

No

Kenya has ratified the CRC, the Trafficking Protocol and the ILO Convention No. 182.

Kenya has also ratified the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child.

Kenya has not ratified the OPSC, the OPIC, the UNWTO Framework Convention on Tourism Ethics nor the AU Convention on Cyber Security and the Council of Europe’s Lanzarote and Budapest Conventions.

SECTT Legal Checklist Kenya, 2020

Child Advocacy Centers

Not Yet Assessed

SEC Police Unit

Partial

The main police unit that includes SEC in its mandate is the Anti-human trafficking and Child Protection Unit which carries out investigations on SEC cases including online child sexual exploitation and abuse. The unit is composed by three departments: cyber-operations, victim identification and forensic lab. This unit seems to be effectively functioning. It is unclear whether both offences under national and extra-territorial jurisdiction are able to be addressed by the unit.

DH Desk-based research Kenya, 2020

Protection Standards Travel and Tourism

No

There are no child protection standards for the travel and tourism industry in place.

SECTT Legal Checklist Kenya, 2020

Public SEC Case Data

Not Yet Assessed

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